The "Where'd It Go?" Dictionary (Mac Version)
Note: this article is taken from MAC OS X Tiger: The Missing Manual Copyright © 2005 Pogue Press, LLC. All rights reserved. Used with permission from the publisher. Available from booksellers or direct from O'Reilly Media,www.oreilly.com.
Author: David Pogue / ISBN: 0-596-00941-0
This one's for you, veteran Mac fans. Even if you ultimately conclude that Mac OS X's stability, good looks, and security make it worth the switch, you'll do quite a bit of fumbling at first to find your way around.
Here's your complete guide to which of the classic Mac features survive in Mac OS X 10.4, which have moved around to confuse you—and which have bitten the dust.
Some commands are listed under the names of the menus in which they appear. Applications, System Folder folders, and control panels are all listed under their own names.
You won't find Adobe Type Manager (ATM) in Mac OS X. The ability to smooth out jagged edges on PostScript fonts is built in and no longer requires this separate control panel. See Chapter 14 for more on fonts.
There's no longer a control panel called Appearance, but the best of its features are still around. Here's the rundown:
Themes tab. Gone.
Appearance tab. You'll find the equivalent pop-up menus (for text high light color, and so on) in Mac OS X's System Preferences→Appearance pane.
Desktop tab. Now you apply a picture to your desktop by opening the System Preferences→Desktop & Screen Saver panel.
Sound tab. On the Sound panel of System Preferences, you can turn on "Play user interface sound effects," which adds tiny, subtle sound effects to your mouse movements when you drag something off the Dock, copy icons, or empty the Trash.
Options. The Smart Scrolling option is now in the System Preferences→Appearance pane. There's no longer a "double-click title bar to windowshade the window" option, because the equivalent effect is always on in Mac OS X. (Double-clicking a title bar minimizes the window.)
It's now called DVD Player, and it's in the Applications folder (if your Mac does, in fact, have a DVD player built in).
There's no longer an Apple Extras folder, but several of the items that used to be in this folder live on in new locations. For example:
The AppleScript folder is now in the Applications folder.
The Font Extras folder, which contained the FontSync control panel, is gone, but FontSync itself is alive and well. The AppleScripts that let you use FontSync sit in the hard drive's Library→Scripts→FontSync Scripts folder.
The Mac OS Runtime for Java folder is gone, but the Apple Applet Runner, which was inside that folder, has been replaced with the Applet Launcher in Applications→Utilities.
Most of the other Apple Extras items—miscellaneous folders like FireWire, Iomega, and Apple LaserWriter Software—have disappeared because they've been incorporated into Mac OS X itself.
The menu is still in Mac OS X, but it's no longer customizable. Instead, it lists useful commands that you'll want to access no matter what program you're using: Sleep, Restart, Shut Down, and so on. The menu's quick-access icon launching features have now been taken over by the Dock (Chapter 4).
About This Computer. This command's functions have been scattered across Mac OS X. To find out your Mac's system-software version, total installed memory, and processor type, choose →About This Mac. For memory stats on running programs, go to Applications→Utilities and open Activity Monitor. It shows you, perhaps, a little more information than you need, but the memory consumption listings are still there, updated in real time. (Mac OS X programs don't use a fixed amount of RAM; they constantly adjust as needed.)
Apple System Profiler. Still in Mac OS X, now called System Profiler but better than ever—and it's in Applications→Utilities.
Calculator. Dramatically revamped and moved to your Applications. And joined by a Dashboard-wiget Calculator.
Chooser. Eliminated. Its two primary functions—choosing a printer and connecting to a network—have been moved to the Print dialog box (choose File→Print in any program) and the Network icon in the Sidebar, respectively.
Control Panels. It's now called System Preferences. You can get to it by clicking its Dock icon or by choosing →System Preferences.
Key Caps. See "Key Caps," later in this appendix.
Network Browser. Now you can browse your network from within any Finder window, Just click the Network icon in the left-side Sidebar, as described in Chapter 13
Recent Applications, Recent Documents, Recent Servers. Recent Applications and Recent Documents are now submenus of the →Recent Items command. To see networked disks (servers) to which you've recently connected, choose Go→-Recent Folders or, for a network-only list, Go→Connect to Server. In the Connect to Server box, the pop-up menu lists recently accessed servers.
Remote Access Status. It's now called Internet Connect, and it's in your Applications folder.
Scrapbook. Eliminated. The closest equivalent is Stickies (in your Applications folder), which can now accept graphics, sounds, and movies.
Sherlock. Still here, in the Applications folder , but almost completely replaces by Dashboard (Chapter 5) and, for finding files, Spotlight (Chapter 3)
Speakable Items. To get the list of speakable commands that your Mac can understand, first turn on Speakable Items using System Preferences→Speech→Speech Recognition→On/Off. The round Speech Feedback panel appears on your screen. Click the small black triangle at the bottom of the panel and choose the Open Speech Commands window (see Chapter 15).
Stickies. Received a major update in Mac OS X, as described in Chapter 10. (It's in the Applications folder.) A mini-version is available in Dashboard (Chapter 5).
You can specify how many recent items appear in the →Recent Items list by opening System Preferences, clicking Appearance, and using the "Number of Recent Items" pop-up menus.
Replaced by the vastly superior iTunes (in the Applications folder). See Chapter 11.
Apple's built-in scripting language for the Mac works in Mac OS X—and in Tiger, the Finder is once again recordable. The Script Editor is in the Applications→Apple-Scripts folder, and instructions are in Chapter 8.
These networking controls are now in the System Preferences→Network panel.
Gone. You now use the Dock to see which programs you have running (the icons with little black triangles beneath them) and to switch between those programs. As noted in Chapter 5, you can still use the Dock for many of the tricks the Application menu used to play.
The Hide application and Hide Others commands, meanwhile, are now at the left end of the menu bar in the new Application menu—the one that bears the current application's name.
They're also in the Dock. Control-click a program's Dock icon to see the Hide option, and Option-click the icon to see the Hide Others option.
This option—once a part of the QuickTime Settings control panel—has moved. When you insert a music CD, the iTunes program opens automatically (assuming you haven't changed the settings in the CDs & DVDs panel of System Preferences).
In the iTunes Preferences window, go to the General panel and choose Begin Playing from the "On CD Insert" pop-up menu.
Balloon Help is officially retired, although tooltips (tiny rectangular pop-up labels) still appear in many programs when you point to some onscreen thingie without clicking.
The status of the battery in your PowerBook or iBook used to be displayed in the Control Strip. In Mac OS X, this indicator appears on the menu bar—immediately after you open System Preferences→Energy Saver, click Options, and turn it on.
Reincarnated, sort of, as Simple Finder mode (Section 184.108.40.206).
Replaced by the beefed-up Print dialog box, the Printer Setup Utility, and the Network icon in the Sidebar. See the Apple menu entry above for more information.
Just where it always was, good as ever.
Mac OS X folders are spring-loaded: If you drag an icon onto one and don't let go of the mouse button, the window springs open around it so that you can continue your drag. But they still don't pop open automatically, as in Mac OS 9, when you hover over them after a "click-and-a-half"—when you double-click, then do another half-click, so that the mouse button stays down. (Sound complicated? Maybe that's why Apple killed it.)
This control panel, which produced a magnified view of the Mac screen for visually impaired users, is backnow in an enormously enhanced, easy-to-use version. It's now found on the Universal Access pane of System Preferences, described in Chapter 9.
Now you hold down Option and ⌘ to achieve this function, and it works only in list view (!).
These keystrokes still take pictures of your screen, with even more options available (Section 14.9).
Windows don't collapse with a "window shade" action in Mac OS X, but you can minimize them, reducing them to icons that stay parked in the Dock until you need them. Click the yellow button on the left side of a window's title bar, or double-click the title bar, or press ⌘-M, to minimize it.
ColorSync color management settings are now set in the ColorSync Utility program, located in Applications→Utilities.
Mac OS X makes extensive use of contextual pop-up menus (now called shortcut menus), but adding new commands to them is usually a matter of running an installer, not dropping them into a certain folder yourself.
But to answer the question: The Mac OS X incarnation of the old Contextual Menu Items folder is the Library→Contextual Menu Items folder. (If this folder doesn't exist, you can create it.)
There are no control panels in Mac OS X. Instead, there's a program called System Preferences that handles the various hardware and software settings formerly configured with control panels. Choose →System Preferences, or click the System Preferences icon on the Dock. (System Preferences is also in the Applications folder.)
The Control Strip is gone. However, several of its traditional features survive in the form of menulets—icon/pop-up menus in your menu bar that let you monitor and control dial-up settings, monitor resolution, color depth, sound volume, battery levels, date and time, and so on. You make these menulets appear using checkboxes in the corresponding panes of System Preferences (such as Sound, Energy Saver, and Date & Time), the Internet Connect application, and so on.
Replaced by the Date & Time panel in System Preferences.
Text and picture clippings produced by dragging selected text and images to the desktop work just as they did in Mac OS 9.
Desktop icons that represent each printer configured to work with your Mac aren't nearly as important in Mac OS X, because you can switch printers right in the standard Print dialog box (choose File→Print in one of your programs). Still, desktop printer icons are still available; see Section 14.1.2.
Eliminated. Enter dialing information for dial-up modem connections in the PPP tab of the Internal Modem pane of System Preferences→Network.
Disk First Aid is now a part of Disk Utility, located in the Applications→Utilities folder. Open Disk Utility, click the disk you want to check, and click the First Aid tab.
You can drag a Mac OS X Finder window by any of its "brushed metal" areasnot just the edges.
Drive Setup is now a part of Disk Utility, in the Applications→Utilities folder. Launch Disk Utility, click a disk name, and click the Erase or Partition panes.
This Finder menu is alive and well, capable now of copying and pasting files from window to window.
Now located in the Finder's File menu, and even represented by Eject buttons in the Sidebar, instead of the now-defunct Special menu.
Moved to the Finder menu. You can also access the Empty Trash command by clicking and holding down the mouse button when pointing to the Trash icon in the Dock, by Control-clicking the Trash, or by pressing Shift-⌘-Delete.
You can no longer encrypt and lock individual files, at least not without add-on shareware. Of course, you can still password-protect folders (Section 10.26.10.3) or, indeed, your entire world of work and settings (Chapter 12).
Now located in the Energy Saver panel of System Preferences.
Erase Disk is no longer a Finder command. To erase a disk (or reformat it), use the Erase panel of the Disk Utility program, which is in the Applications→Utilities folder.
Traditional extensions, like the ones you had to turn on and off in Mac OS 9, don't exist in Mac OS X. For the most part, extension conflicts—the number one cause of crashes, freezes, and hangs on traditional Macs—are gone, too. This is a good thing.
No extensions means no Extensions Manager.
Favorites have been demoted in Tiger, thanks to the handiness of the Sidebar. See Section 2.5.1 if you'd like to resurrect Favorites.
Eliminated. Mac OS X now understands and even uses the three-letter file extensions that PCs use to recognize file types, for better Mac/PC file compatibility. Still, if you want to remap a certain document so that it opens in a different program (a primary function of the old File Exchange program), proceed like this: Highlight its icon, choose File→Get Info, open the Open With panel, choose a new program from the pop-up menu, and then click the Change All button.
Most of the Finder's File menu has stayed the same, with the following exceptions:
New commands include New Finder Window (⌘-N), Open With, Burn Disc, Add to Sidebar, Secure Empty Trash, and Create Archive
The New Folder command has a new keyboard shortcut: Shift-⌘-N.
The Encrypt command is gone.
The Eject command has migrated over from the Special menu.
Replaced by the Sharing panel of System Preferences.
Eliminated. To keep a folder automatically backed up, use any of the dozens of Mac OS X backup programs listed at www.versiontracker.com, or use Apple's own Backup (included with a .Mac account).
This contextual menu item is no longer available.
Mac OS X still has a Finder icon, residing in System→Library→CoreServices. You can't do anything to the file, of course, other than take note of where it lives.
Moved from the Edit menu to Finder→Preferences.
Mac OS X doesn't have a Fonts folder—it has five of them. See Chapter 14.
The control panel, which was hidden away in the Apple Extras folder under Mac OS 9, is obsolete. The AppleScripts that allow you to create FontSync profiles are in your Library→Scripts→FontSync Scripts folder.
You can still press Option-⌘-Esc to quit a locked-up program, but it's much easier and safer to do so in Mac OS X (Section 5.1.1).
This control panel is gone, and so are the various options it offered. In Mac OS X, you can't change the insertion-point blinking rate, nor the number of times a menu command flashes when you select it. (Of course, you can still launch General Controls when you're using the Classic environment, as described in Chapter 6.)
It's still here, and better than ever (see Chapter 2). A few changes are worth noting: The Memory panel is gone for Mac OS X programs, because you no longer have to manually adjust the amount of memory needed for each program. Also, the Sharing panel is now called Ownership & Permissions, a new Name & Extension panel is available, and an "Open with application" panel (documents only) lets you decide which program opens when you double-click a certain document (or kind of document).
A hundred times better than ever, in the form of a new Tiger program called Grapher (in your Applications folder).
Finder Preferences no longer offers the choice between Tight and Wide grid-spacing for icon views.
A trimmed-down Help menu retains its position in the Finder menu bar. It now contains a single item, Mac Help, which opens the Mac OS X Help system.
Commands for hiding the active program, or hiding everything else but the active program, have moved from the old Application menu (on the far right of the menu bar) to the new Application menu (the one on the left next to the a menu) that bears the name of the frontmost program. Hiding the current program also now has an official keyboard shortcut (in most programs): ⌘-H. And hiding all other programs has a keyboard shortcut, too, although it works in even fewer programs: Option-⌘-H.
Then there's Exposé, which can make the whole concept of hiding programs obsolete (Section 5.3).
The Info Strip at the top of Finder windows now appears automatically at the bottom of every window, showing your available disk space and each folder's item count.
Gone. Infrared networking doesn't work in Mac OS X.
To change your preferred Web browser, you now open Safari (in your Applications folder) and choose Safari→Preferences. To specify the email program you prefer, open Mail and choose Mail→Preferences.
Mac OS X 10.4 no longer offers any way to choose a preferred FTP program or news reader.
No longer included. Some of the programs that used to be stored in this folder under Mac OS 9—such as StuffIt Expander—are now in the Applications→Utilities folder.
An updated version of iTunes is in the Applications folder.
Choose →System Preferences; click International; click Input Menu. Turn on Keyboard Viewer (which is the new name for Key Caps). Now check your menu bar: There's the little flag icon, from which you can choose Keyboard Viewer whenever you need to look up a keystroke.
The functions of this old control panel are split between two System Preferences panels. You can find the Key Repeat and Delay Until Repeat controls in the System Preferences→Keyboard & Mouse panel. You switch keyboard Tables (for use with other languages) in the Input Menu pane of the System Preferences→International panel.
The Function Keys feature of the Mac OS 9 Keyboard control panel isn't in Mac OS X; you can no longer open selected files or programs by pressing the F-keys at the top of your keyboard. (You can, however, now operate menus, open Dock icons, and navigate dialog boxes from the keyboard, as described on Section 5.6. And you can always use shareware like Keyboard Maestro to map your favorite keystrokes to your favorite programs.)
Replaced by the Keychain Access program, located in Applications→Utilities.
In Mac OS X, you can apply color or text labels to icons in Mac OS X just as you could in Mac OS 9. Use the File→Color Label command to apply colors (or Controlclick an icon and choose from the shortcut menu); specify the names you want for your labels in Finder→Preferences→Labels.
Replaced by the Dock.
The control panel is gone. But in System Preferences→Network, you can save various dialing and networking settings on a location-by-location basis using the Location pop-up menu. Thereafter, you can switch settings using the →Locations submenu. (Locations no longer store printer, volume, clock, and other settings.)
You can still lock any file on your Mac by selecting its icon, choosing File→Get Info and turning on the Locked checkbox in the Info window.
Apple's help system is still accessible from the Help menu in the Finder's menu bar.
The old Apple Applet Runner has been replaced by Applet Launcher, which is in the Applications→Utilities folder. See Chapter 10 for details.
Eliminated. You can set your Mac's location/time zone using the Time Zone pane of System Preferences→Date & Time. But without the venerable Map control panel, there's no longer any way to calculate the distance between two cities.
Gone. Memory management in Mac OS X is a hands-off affair, as the system simply gives each running program as much memory as it needs without requiring you to adjust settings.
Replaced by the Modem pane in System Preferences→Network pane.
Replaced by System Preferences→Displays & Screen Saver.
Replaced by System Preferences→Keyboard & Mouse.
Replaced, in a much more industrial-strength form, by System Preferences→Accounts (Chapter 12).
It's still in the File menu, but the keyboard shortcut has changed from ⌘-N (which now opens a new Finder window) to Shift-⌘-N.
Gone. Use the new, improved Stickies to jot down quick notes.
Replaced by System Preferences→International panel→Formats tab.
Open Transport networking is built into Mac OS X, but there's no Open Transport extension, and nothing for you to turn on, toggle, or trigger. Configure your network settings using the System Preferences→Network panel.
You can still capture pictures of your Mac screen by pressing Shift-⌘-3 (for a fullscreen grab) or Shift-⌘-4 (to grab a selected portion of the screen). However, the resulting image files, called Picture 1, Picture 2, and so on, now appear on the desktop instead of in the hard drive window—and in the more universal PDF format instead of PICT.
To simulate a pop-up window in Mac OS X, drag a folder or disk icon into the Dock. From now on, when you click-and-hold (or Control-click) its docked icon, a list of its contents sprouts upward, for your perusal pleasure.
Or just drag a window to any edge of the screen until only its title bar is visible. When you click the green Zoom button (or drag an icon onto the title bar), the window pops up just like a pop-up window of old.
Mac OS X stashes away its own preference files in numerous hidden locations, but the folder that contains your application preference settings is in the Users→(your Home folder)→Library→Preferences folder. Preference files of this type (known in geek circles as plist, or property list, files) are even easier to identify in Mac OS X, because they clearly bear the application's name.
Obsolete. With Mac OS X, you monitor the queue of jobs waiting to be printed by clicking the Dock icon that resembles your printer. (This icon appears only while you're printing.)
It's gone. To eject Zip disks, CDs, and other removable disks, use the Eject command (or the Eject key on your keyboard, or click the 'Eject' icon in the Sidebar next to the disk's name). To put away files you've dragged to the desktop, you must drag them back to their original locations manually (or use the Edit→Undo command, if you remember to do so promptly).
Replaced by the System Preferences→QuickTime pane.
It's not in the File menu of your programs any more—it's in the Application menu (the one bearing the program's name).
Replaced by Internet Connect, in the Applications folder.
Gone. If you scramble the order and size of columns in a list view, there's no one-shot way to undo the mess.
Moved to the menu.
A beefed-up Mac OS X version of this AppleScript authoring program is now located in your Applications→AppleScript folder.
Five scripting additions, which can add special functions to AppleScripts, are included with Mac OS X. They're now in System→Library→ScriptingAdditions.
The Search Internet command in the Finder's File menu is gone. Instead, you can type a search phrase into the Google Search box at the upper-right corner of a Safari Web-browser window.
Under Mac OS 9, the Security folder was the home of two programs, Apple File Security and Apple Verifier, which were used to encrypt and lock files using the Finder's Encrypt command. Both security applications are gone, having been replaced by the vault-like Unix accounts system described in Chapter 12.
This option, in Mac OS 9's View Options window, lets you apply a set of standard view settings simultaneously (as defined in Finder Preferences→Views) to any folder window. In Mac OS X, you accomplish the same thing in the View Options window by switching the top option from "This window only" to "All windows."
These days, Sherlock searches only the Web, and it's largely been made obsolete by Dashboard. For finding files, you now use the infinitely superior Spotlight (Chapter 3).
Works just like in Mac OS 9—that is, it brings all hidden windows into sight—but has been moved from the old Application menu (on the far right of the menu bar) to the new Application menu, which bears the name of the program you're using.
Unchanged from Mac OS 9.
This option is now in Finder→Preferences→Advanced tab.
Moved to the menu.
There's no longer a Shutdown Items folder. In Mac OS X, there's no easy way to make certain icons open automatically when you shut down the machine.
Open System Preferences→Accounts pane, click the name of a Standard or Managed account, and click Parental Controls, and then click Finder & System. (See Chapter 12 for details.)
Apple no longer includes this sound-recording program with Mac OS X, although you can achieve the same purpose using iMovie or QuickTime Player Pro (Chapters 10 and 15).
Replaced by the vastly superior TextEdit program, in the Applications folder.
You can still resize a window by dragging the lower-right corner.
The Sleep command has moved to the menu.
Relocated from the Options pane of the Mac OS 9 Appearance control panel to System Preferences→Appearance panel. The radio buttons in the middle of the panel control the placement of scroll arrows and the behavior of scroll bars.
Replaced by System Preferences→Software Update.
This tiny triangle, which indicates whether columns in list views are sorted in ascending or descending order, no longer appears a top each window's vertical scroll bar. Instead, you reverse the sorting order for lists of information (such as Mail messages or Finder list view items) by clicking a column heading (such as Name or Date).
Replaced by System Preferences→Sound. But the new Sound preferences don't allow you to record new Alert sounds. See Chapter 9 for more information.
Gone. This was the only Finder menu that was completely removed in Mac OS X. Most of the Special menu's commands now live in the File or menus.
Replaced by System Preferences→Speech, which offers far more sturdy text-to-speech and speech-recognition powers.
Mac OS X folders pop open automatically when you drag icons over them, just as in Mac OS 9.
Go to the System Preferences→Startup Disk pane to choose the disk and System folder—either Mac OS X or Mac OS 9—from which your Mac will start up next.
The Startup Items folder is gone, but you can still set up programs (or disks, or documents, or any other icon) to open automatically at startup. Just drag those icons into the list in the System Preferences→Accounts→Login Items tab.
Works just as it did in Mac OS 9 and earlier. The Stationery Pad checkbox is in each file's Get Info window.
A dramatically improved version of Stickies is in the Applications folder, and an easier-to-open one is part of Dashboard (Chapter 5).
You can't open it, modify it or move it, but Mac OS X does have a System file, just like earlier Mac versions. You'll find it in System→Library→CoreServices.
Mac OS X's System Folder is simply called System, and it sits in your main hard drive window. There's a big difference, however: In Mac OS X, you're forbidden to add, remove, or change anything inside.
(You may still have a System Folder, too—the home of the Mac OS 9 system software needed by your Mac to run Classic applications.)
Replaced by System Preferences→Network panel.
Configure your TCP/IP and AppleTalk settings in System Preferences→Network.
Replaced by the System Preferences→International panel→Language pane. Choose the language you need from the Languages list box.
Replaced by a tab in the System Preferences→Keyboard & Mouse panel.
You can share a USB inkjet printer with other Macs on the network, just as you could in Mac OS 9; see Section 14.2.3.
The "as Columns" view replaces the "as Buttons" view. Otherwise, the View menu has changed very little (Chapter 1).
You still open View Options from the Finder's View menu. You'll find only a few changes: In list views, Mac OS X offers a choice of two icon sizes instead of three. In icon views, Mac OS X gives you total control over the size of icons, which you can adjust using the Icon Size slider, plus the ability to add a color or photo to the background of the window.
This option is now in Finder→Preferences→Advanced.
There's no longer a Web Pages folder to store the Web page files you publish using Personal Web Sharing. Instead, your public Web pages go in your Home→Sites folder or the Library→WebServer→Documents folder, as described in Chapter 22.
Replaced by a checkbox on the System Preferences→Sharing panel.
See "Collapse box."
Windows in Mac OS X no longer have a zoom box. They have a green zoom button, which makes a desktop window just large enough to show all of the icons inside it.